HIV - an overview
HIV has undeniably developed into the most feared health disease after cancer. Millions of people all over the world become victim to this disease annually. Though it is not likely to control the incidence of cancer, it is surely possible to obstruct the rapid spread of HIV in our society. Though, the efforts to control the spread of HIV are over and over again let down due to lack of adequate facts concerning the transmission of virus and ignorance.
A lot of people still do not know how HIV is transmitted. Knowing the ABCs helps you evade becoming HIV-positive. If you are HIV-positive, these essential things will aid you avoid exposing someone else to HIV.
What is HIV?
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system and can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Symptoms of HIV can vary from person to person and can be similar to symptoms of other viral illnesses, making it difficult to diagnose based on symptoms alone. Some people may not experience any symptoms for several years after being infected.
Signs & Symptoms of HIV
Early symptoms of HIV may include:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Muscle and joint pain
- Night sweats
As the virus progresses and the immune system weakens, more severe symptoms may develop, including:
- Chronic diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Persistent fever
- Shortness of breath
- Recurring infections
- Memory loss or confusion
- Difficulty concentrating or focusing
- Oral thrush (white patches in the mouth)
It’s important to note that many of these symptoms can also be caused by other medical conditions, so a diagnosis of HIV can only be confirmed through testing. If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, it’s important to get tested as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage the virus and prevent complications.
Causes of HIV
The transmission of HIV can be averted! There are practices to evade, or reduce, interaction with body fluids that transmit HIV. HIV is transmitted from one person to another in the following ways:
✦From an infested mother to her baby at the time of pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding
✦Wound caused by infested needle stick
✦Infested blood transfusion
✦Sharing food with an infected person
✦ Man-to-man sexual interaction
✦ Man-to-woman sexual interaction
✦Interaction between injuries, blood or body fluids
✦Give-and-take of blood while kissing an infected person having bleeding gums
Think of HIV transmission possibility is always high whenever you make a fuss of an unprotected sex with a strange partner or one with an unidentified virus-related load. Therefore, always take proper care and safety measures because HIV is a deadly disease and you cannot meet the expense of risk your life due to complete unawareness or carelessness. A little ignorance can lead your life to the end, so it is better to adopt healthy lifestyle and aware yourself from all the symptoms that may take you in the path of HIV positive.
How do we help in HIV?
In case you need treatment or counselling about HIV, please do see our expert Doctor, Dr Yuvraj Arora who is a qualified MBBS, MD with Fellowship Degree in Infectious Diseases.