According to a study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the prevalence of prediabetes in India is estimated to be around 10-15% of the total population. This translates to approximately 77 million people in India who are living with prediabetes.
Several factors contribute to the high prevalence of prediabetes in India, including a genetic predisposition, unhealthy diets, sedentary lifestyles, and increasing rates of obesity. Additionally, the lack of awareness about the condition and its risks, as well as limited access to healthcare services, further exacerbate the problem.
It is important for individuals with prediabetes to make lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Early diagnosis and management of prediabetes can significantly reduce the risk of developing diabetes and associated complications.
What is Pre-Diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a warning sign that something is not right with your metabolism. Without intervention, pre-diabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes, which is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management. However, the good news is that pre-diabetes can be reversed with lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise.
What are the Symptoms of Pre-Diabetes?
The symptoms of pre-diabetes may not be noticeable, but some people may experience:
- Increased thirst,
- Frequent urination, and
What are the Causes of Pre-Diabetes?
Causes of pre-diabetes can include:
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
Remedial Measure for Pre-Diabetes
There are several remedial measures that can be taken to manage pre-diabetes, including:
Healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet can help manage blood sugar levels. Foods with a low glycemic index, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, can help stabilize blood sugar levels.
Exercise: Regular physical activity can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.
Weight management: Losing weight can help reduce insulin resistance and improve blood sugar levels.
Medications: Certain medications may be prescribed to manage pre-diabetes. For example, Metformin may be prescribed to improve insulin sensitivity.
Quit smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of developing diabetes, so quitting smoking is important for managing pre-diabetes.
Regular checkups: Regular checkups with your doctor can help monitor blood sugar levels and prevent or manage diabetes.
It is important to remember that pre-diabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes if left untreated. Therefore, it is important to take steps to manage pre-diabetes to prevent the development of diabetes and its complications.
How Dr Monga Medi Clinic Can Help?
Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can play a critical role in helping people with pre-diabetes reverse their condition. Here are some ways Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can help:
Screen for pre-diabetes: Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can offer screening tests to detect pre-diabetes. The most common test is the A1C test, which measures the average blood glucose level over the past three months. Other tests include fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). If you have pre-diabetes, the health clinic can provide education and support to help you reverse your condition.
Personalized nutrition counseling: Nutrition is a critical component of reversing pre-diabetes. Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can provide personalized nutrition counseling based on your health status, dietary habits, and food preferences. The nutritionist can help you develop a healthy eating plan that is low in sugar, refined carbohydrates, and saturated fats, and high in fiber, protein, and healthy fats.
Develop an exercise plan: Exercise is also essential for reversing pre-diabetes. Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can help you develop an exercise plan that fits your lifestyle and fitness level. The plan may include aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, as well as strength training and flexibility exercises.
Monitor progress: Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can monitor your progress and adjust your treatment plan as needed. Regular check-ins with a healthcare provider can help you stay on track and address any challenges you may face in reversing your pre-diabetes.
Medication, if needed: In some cases, medication may be necessary to reverse pre-diabetes. Dr. Monga Medi Clinic can provide medication, such as metformin, to help lower blood glucose levels. However, medication should be used in conjunction with lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise.